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Springfield, Illinois is the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois. The city is the site of a number of attractions centered around President Abraham Lincoln, who started his political career in Springfield.
Springfield busiest tourism seasons are spring, summer and fall, when there are more outside activities and events. All historic sites and all but a few local attractions are open throughout the year, except on certain holidays, making Springfield a year round destination.
Springfield, Illinois is the site of a number of
attractions through which the life and times of President Abraham Lincoln are
vividly represented. Lincoln began his political career in Springfield. Included
are a national park site, his family home, and the conserved neighborhood
surrounding it. The four-block Lincoln Home National Historic Site is closed to
automobile traffic, forming a pedestrian court within the neighborhood in which
the Lincoln home is situated.
This historic area has been authentically
restored in every detail and even has streets with gas lamps and wooden
sidewalks. In East Old State Capitol Plaza, visitors can view an original ledger
of Lincoln's account with Springfield Marine & Fire Insurance Co. The Old State
Capitol is the site of Lincoln's “House Divided” speech from his debate as a
presidential candidate with his opponent, Stephen Douglas. The Herndon-Lincoln
law office, the old capitol building; the newly built Abraham Lincoln
Presidential Library and Museum, the train depot from which he departed to
Washington are all sites to be visited. Lincoln’s burial mausoleum is north of
Springfield, near the village of Petersburg. There is also a restored settlement
of log cabins recreating Salem, the village in which Lincoln lived as a young
Springfield is the capital of the U.S. state of
Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County. The city was founded in 1819,
became the county seat in 1823, and received its city charter in 1840. It was
made the capital of Illinois in 1837, and the Legislature convened there for the
first time in 1839. Springfield is now an important government center. Its
Governor's Mansion, at Fifth and Jackson streets, is the oldest continuously
occupied governor's mansion in the nation and a center of Springfield's social
life since 1855. The city lies along two interstates, one of which was formerly
known as highway 36; the other was historic Route 66.
Springfield was the birthplace of poet Vachel
Lindsay. It was also the point of origin for the Donner Party, a group of
pioneers who were tragically stranded in the Sierra Nevada during severe winter
storms lasting many weeks. Springfield's Dana-Thomas House is among the best
preserved and most complete of Frank Lloyd Wright's early "Prairie Houses”. It
was built in 1902-04 and contains many of the original furnishings designed for
it by Wright. In August, Springfield is the site of the Illinois State Fair.
Springfield is also home to the Bunn Company, known for the manufacture of
coffee-makers and supplies.
The Springfield campus of the University of
Illinois is located on the southeast side of the city.
The corn dog on a stick originated in
Springfield, where it was (and still is) called a Cozy Dog. For many years the
popular Reisch Beer was brewed in Springfield. Another Springfield culinary
invention consists of two pieces of thick, buttered Texas toast, topped with two
hamburger patties, surrounded by a pile of French fries, with the entire
creation being completely covered by mounds of cheese sauce. To order: just ask
for a horseshoe sandwich.